Nowcast of Employment by Region and Occupation (NERO)

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    May 2024 data was released on 5th June 2024.

    The Nowcast of Employment by Region and Occupation or NERO provides estimates of employment in 355 occupations across 88 regions in Australia. Previously this type of data was only readily available every five years as part of the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) Census of Population and Housing. With NERO these insights can be produced on a monthly basis.

    NERO has been developed using an emerging methodology called nowcasting using traditional, real-time and big data techniques - including machine learning - to estimate trends within a short timeframe after the data is available, more frequently and with increased detail.

    NERO can be searched either by occupation or by region and the data can be downloaded in a variety of ways.

    See the NERO methodology page for more information about NERO version 2.


    Nowcast of Employment by Region and Occupation, ANZSCO 4 Digit Occupations and SA4 Regions – May 2024




    Data will be updated monthly with planned release dates:

    Data period Expected release date
    June 2024 3 July 2024
    July 2024 7 August 2024
    August 2024 4 September 2024
    September 2024 2 October 2024
    October 2024 6 November 2024
    November 2024 4 December 2024
    December 2024 8 January 2025

    The NERO series provides estimates of occupational employment by region that was previously only readily available every five years from the ABS Census of Population and Housing. The NERO estimates have been smoothed to provide an indication of long-term trends in local labour markets. As a result of this smoothing process, these estimates may not capture short term dynamics in the labour market, such as the considerable impacts of lockdowns recently experienced by many regions across Australia. Jobs and Skills Australia (JSA) is exploring other approaches to better reflect short-term dynamics in its NERO estimates. Jobs and Skills Australia encourages users to utilise a combination of data sources alongside Jobs and Skills Australia to analyse current labour market trends. Jobs and Skills Australia continues to welcome feedback on NERO.


    The Nowcast of Employment by Region and Occupation (NERO) is an ongoing project that seeks to continuously improve the estimation of employment by region and occupation. To facilitate ongoing improvement, feedback and enquiries are welcome1.


    NERO is a product of Jobs and Skills Australia, within the Commonwealth of Australia. With the exception of the Commonwealth Coat of Arms, Jobs and Skills Australia's logo, any images or photographs, any material protected by a trade mark and where otherwise noted, the content of NERO is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence, CC BY 4.0 licence. Please note that this CC BY licence includes a disclaimer of warranties and liabilities in favour of the Commonwealth of Australia.

    Jobs and Skills Australia used data records provided by the parties listed on the Nowcasting Methodology page in the preparation of NERO.

    Use of, including to copy, redistribute, remix, transform, or build upon, all or any part of NERO must include the following attribution: Nowcast of Employment by Region and Occupation, Jobs and Skills Australia, Commonwealth of Australia. Used under Creative Commons BY 4.0 licence.



    If you give feedback about NERO, you give without charge, the right to use, share and commercialise your feedback, in any way and for any purpose (and including the right to allow others to do this). You agree not to give feedback that requires us to license NERO, or any other product or document, to third parties because we include your feedback in them. These rights are perpetual. A copy of the Privacy Policy can be obtained by emailing